Skip to main content


Nutrition Necessities



National Health Education Standards

Standard 4: Students will demonstrate the ability to use
interpersonal communication skills to enhance health and avoid or reduce health risks.

Performance Indicators:
Pre-K-Grade 2
4.2.1 Demonstrate healthy ways to express needs, wants, and feelings.
4.2.2 Demonstrate listening skills to enhance health.

Grades 3-5
4.5.1 Demonstrate effective verbal and nonverbal communication skills to enhance health.
4.5.2 Demonstrate refusal skills that avoid or reduce health risks.

Standard 5: Students will demonstrate the ability to use decision making skills to enhance health.

Performance Indicators:
Pre-K-Grade 2
5.2.1 Identify situations when a health-related decision is needed.
5.2.2 Differentiate between situations when a health-related decision can be made individually or when assistance is needed.

Grades 3-5
5.5.1 Identify health-related situations that might require a thoughtful decision.
5.5.3 List healthy options to health-related issues or problems.

Standard 6: Students will demonstrate the ability to use goal setting skills to enhance health.

Performance Indicators:
Pre-K-Grade 2
6.2.1 Identify a short-term personal health goal and take action toward achieving the goal.
6.2.2 Identify who can help when assistance is needed to achieve a personal health goal.

Grades 3-5
6.5.1 Set a personal health goal and track progress toward its achievement.
6.5.2 Identify resources to assist in achieving a personal health goal.


Mack, Kean


Miami University Libraries




Ubbes, Valerie A. (editor and genre designer); Lemus, Emely (translator)



English; Spanish






Nutrition Necessities
Las necesidades nutricionales
By Kean Mack

I decide to eat 1 fruit every meal.
Yo decidí comer 1 fruta todas las comidas.

I manage my weight by eating healthier foods instead of sugary foods.
Mantengo mi peso comiendo comida saludable en vez de comida azucarada.

My goal is to eat 3 servings of vegetables a day.
Mi meta es comer 3 porciones de vegetales al día.

I will manage my stress by eating 1 whole banana when my stomach is upset.
Voy a manejar mi estrés por comer todo 1 plátano cuando mi estómago se siente mal.

I will communicate with my parents to buy more vegetables instead of buying chips and cookies.
Me comunicaré con mi padres para que ellos compren mas vegetales en vez de comprar chips y galletas.

My goal is to eat 1 serving of protein everyday.
Mi meta es comer1 porción de proteína todos los días.

I decide to eat fruit instead of candy.
Decido comer frutas en lugar de caramelo.

I will communicate the importance of eating whole grains during dinner.
Me comunicaréla importancia de comer granos enteros durante la cena.

Summary Slide
Fruit – las frutas
Vegetables - vegetales
Protein - proteína
Whole grains - granos enteros
Do you know how to eat healthy?
¿Sabes cómo comer sano?

Spanish translation was verified by Alejandra Moreno and Emely Lemus, native Spanish speakers from Mexico, in 2014.


Electronic Texts


Mack, Kean, “Nutrition Necessities,” Health Literacy Database at Miami University, accessed June 18, 2024,

Output Formats